Breakpoints
The SIDP Podcast

#72 – This Isn't Just a Phage: A Discussion on Bacteriophage Therapy

Episode Notes

Drs. Saima Aslam (@DocSaimaAslam) and Daria Van Tyne (@DariaVanTyne) join Dr. Rachel Britt (@RachelBPharmD) for a discussion on bacteriophage therapy! Tune in for a review of their role in therapy, logistical considerations, the future of phage therapy, and more!

Learn more about the Society of Infectious Diseases Pharmacists: https://sidp.org/About Twitter: @SIDPharm (https://twitter.com/SIDPharm) Instagram: @SIDPharm (https://www.instagram.com/sidpharm/) Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/sidprx LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/company/sidp/

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#71 – This is a Potential Breakup Song: Controversies in the Management of Infective Endocarditis

Episode Notes

Episode Notes

Inspired by lamentations on Twitter, Drs. Bobbi Jo Stoner (@BobbiJo_Stoner), Jonathan Ryder (@JonathanRyderMD) and Sami El-Dalati join Dr. Jillian Hayes (@thejillianhayes) to hash out some of the controversies we encounter while managing infective endocarditis. Do we really need gentamicin and rifampin for all cases of staphylococcal prosthetic valve endocarditis? Where do oral antimicrobials fit into this disease state? Who should have a seat at the table to provide the most comprehensive care to these patients? Tune in for the answers to these questions and more!

Learn more about the Society of Infectious Diseases Pharmacists: https://sidp.org/About Twitter: @SIDPharm (https://twitter.com/SIDPharm) Instagram: @SIDPharm (https://www.instagram.com/sidpharm/) Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/sidprx LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/company/sidp/

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References: IDSA/AHA Infective Endocarditis Guidelines: https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/10.1161/CIR.0000000000000296 Deconstructing the Dogma: Systematic Literature Review and Meta-analysis of Adjunctive Gentamicin and Rifampin in Staphylococcal Prosthetic Valve Endocarditis: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/36408468/ Twitter Poll – Gabe Vilchez (March 2021): https://twitter.com/IdVilchez/status/1372148761112240131?s=20&t=fYuyNWGmzZACWrpUb7Fp3g Survey of ID Physicians on Gent and Rifampin Use: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32964063/ Bacteriological outcome of combination versus single-agent treatment for staphylococcal endocarditis: https://academic.oup.com/jac/article/52/5/820/760105 Treatment of experimental foreign body infection caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: https://journals.asm.org/doi/abs/10.1128/AAC.34.12.2312 Successful therapy of experimental chronic foreign-body infection due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus by antimicrobial combinations: https://journals.asm.org/doi/abs/10.1128/aac.35.12.2611 Rifampin Combination Therapy for Nonmycobacterial Infections: https://journals.asm.org/doi/10.1128/CMR.00034-09 ARREST Trial: https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(17)32456-X/fulltext Is Rifampin Use Associated With Better Outcome in Staphylococcal Prosthetic Valve Endocarditis? A Multicenter Retrospective Study: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32706879/ Nephrotoxicity of vancomycin, alone and with an aminoglycoside: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/2351627/ Clinical Data on Daptomycin plus Ceftaroline versus Standard of Care Monotherapy in the Treatment of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Bacteremia: https://journals.asm.org/doi/10.1128/AAC.02483-18 Multicenter Cohort of Patients With Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Bacteremia Receiving Daptomycin Plus Ceftaroline Compared With Other MRSA Treatments: https://academic.oup.com/ofid/article/7/1/ofz538/5691187 CERT Trial (in process): https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04886284 Rifampin for Surgically Treated Staphylococcal Infective Endocarditis: A Propensity Score-Adjusted Cohort Study: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26872729/ A step-by-step guide to implementing a multidisciplinary endocarditis team: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/20499361211065596 Management of Infective Endocarditis in People Who Inject Drugs: A Scientific Statement from the American Heart Association: https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/10.1161/CIR.0000000000001090?cookieSet=1 Infectious Complications of Addiction: A Call for a New Subspecialty Within Infectious Diseases: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7319263/ A Cross-sectional Analysis of Linezolid in Combination with Methadone or Buprenorphine as a Cause of Serotonin Toxicity: https://academic.oup.com/ofid/article/9/7/ofac331/6625822 POET Trial: https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/nejmoa1808312 Risk of New Bloodstream Infections and Mortality Among People Who Inject Drugs With Infective Endocarditis: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32785635/ Comparing right- and left sided injection-drug related infective endocarditis: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33441950/ Evaluation of Partial Oral Antibiotic Treatment for Persons Who Inject Drugs and Are Hospitalized With Invasive Infections: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7745005/ Dalbavancin as Primary and Sequential Treatment for Gram-Positive Infective Endocarditis: 2-Year Experience at the General Hospital of Vienna: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29659732/ Impact of the duration of antibiotic therapy on relapse and survival following surgery for active infective endocarditis: https://academic.oup.com/ejcts/article/55/4/760/5126415 Bacteriological Outcome after Valve Surgery for Active Infective Endocarditis: Implications for Duration of Treatment after Surgery: https://academic.oup.com/cid/article/41/2/187/529954 Long-term Risk of Hemorrhagic Stroke in Patients With Infective Endocarditis: A Danish Nationwide Cohort Study: https://academic.oup.com/cid/article/68/4/668/5039147 Sign of the Times: Updating Infective Endocarditis Diagnostic Criteria to Recognize Enterococcus faecalis as a Typical Endocarditis Bacterium: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35262664/ Prevalence of colorectal disease in Enterococcus faecalis infective endocarditis: results of an observational multicenter study: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31444092/

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#70 – Stewardship Struggles

Episode Notes

Drs. Valerie Vaughn (@ValerieVaughnMD), Jason Newland (@JasonGNewland) and Libby Dodds Ashley (@The_Real_LDA) join Dr. Erin McCreary (@ErinMcCreary) for a discussion on how to harness the power of data to move through those common stewie struggles. Tune in for a review of common barriers, the art of communication within stewardship, and more!

This podcast is sponsored by bioMérieux.

Learn more about the Society of Infectious Diseases Pharmacists: https://sidp.org/About Twitter: @SIDPharm (https://twitter.com/SIDPharm) Instagram: @SIDPharm (https://www.instagram.com/sidpharm/) Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/sidprx LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/company/sidp/

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#69 – IDWeek 2022 Recap: Practice Changing Publications – Midnights Edition

Episode Notes

Your Breakpoints hosts, Drs. Erin McCreary (@ErinMcCreary), Julie Ann Justo (@julie_justo), Rachel Britt (@RachelBPharmD) and Jillian Hayes (@thejillianhayes) are back for a second week of IDWeek review. Tune in for publications that may change your practice, and a segment of I Feel Nerdy that is sure to Swiftly become one of your favorites!

Learn more about the Society of Infectious Diseases Pharmacists: https://sidp.org/About Twitter: @SIDPharm (https://twitter.com/SIDPharm) Instagram: @SIDPharm (https://www.instagram.com/sidpharm/) Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/sidprx LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/company/sidp/

References: Bacterial: _ GRACE-VAP: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35394515/ Follow-up Blood Cultures: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/36136334/ SABATO: https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01792804 ZeNix: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/36053506/ SHINE: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35263517/ _Viral: MYR301: doi: 10.1016/j.dld.2022.01.047, https://www.natap.org/2021/EASL/EASL_14.htm STOMP: https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT05534984 MINMON: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35026142/ ANCHOR: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35704479/ HPTN083: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34379922/ HPTN084: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35378077/ ATLAS-2M: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34648734/ LAI-ART in an Urban HIV Clinic: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35913500/ Fungal: CandiSep: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35708758/ 1,3 BDG and GM as Diagnostic Tools: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34173659/ Single-Dose Ampho for Crypto: Single-Dose Liposomal Amphotericin B Treatment for Cryptococcal Meningitis - PubMed (nih.gov) 

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#68 – IDWeek 2022 Recap: Late Breaking Trials and Pipeline Antibacterials

Episode Notes

Missing IDWeek already? Hoping for some new content to consume during your holiday travel plans? Have no fear – your IDWeek Breakpoints recap is here!

Join your Breakpoints hosts, Drs. Erin McCreary (@ErinMcCreary), Julie Ann Justo (@julie_justo), Rachel Britt (@RachelBPharmD) and Jillian Hayes (@thejillianhayes) for a review of some new trials and pipeline agents presented at IDWeek 2022.

Be sure to stay tuned for Part II, launching next Friday!

Learn more about the Society of Infectious Diseases Pharmacists: https://sidp.org/About Twitter: @SIDPharm (https://twitter.com/SIDPharm) Instagram: @SIDPharm (https://www.instagram.com/sidpharm/) Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/sidprx LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/company/sidp/

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#67 – Nixing the Nidus: Managing Retained Sources in Prosthetic Joint Infections

Dr. Laura Certain (@laura_certain) and Dr. Nico Cortes-Penfield (@Cortes_Penfield) join Dr. Julie Ann Justo (@julie_justo) to discuss all things related to prosthetic joint infections. Tune in to learn about what comprises a bacterial biofilm, how it develops, and ways to combat it using the latest evidence-based antibiotic regimens. We also take a look at what’s on the horizon for the field of orthopedic infectious diseases.

Learn more about the Society of Infectious Diseases Pharmacists: https://sidp.org/About Twitter: @SIDPharm (https://twitter.com/SIDPharm) Instagram: @SIDPharm (https://www.instagram.com/sidpharm/) Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/sidprx LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/company/sidp/

References:

  1. Cortés-Penfield NW, Kulkarni PA. The History of Antibiotic Treatment of Osteomyelitis. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2019 Apr 8;6(5):ofz181. doi: 10.1093/ofid/ofz181. PMID: 31123692.
  2. Bernard L, et al. Antibiotic Therapy for 6 or 12 Weeks for Prosthetic Joint Infection. N Engl J Med. 2021 May 27;384(21):1991-2001. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa2020198. PMID: 34042388. (DATIPO trial)
  3. Gallagher C, et al. Impact of Implementing an IV to PO Antibiotic Treatment Protocol for Orthopedic Infections ion Prescribing Habits and Health Utilization Outcomes. IDWeek 2022. Poster 909.
  4. Febrile Podcast. Episode #31 – Truth or DAIR. 2022 Feb 28. https://febrilepodcast.com/episode-31-truth-or-dair/
  5. Frank JM, et al. The Mark Coventry, MD, Award: Oral Antibiotics Reduce Reinfection After Two-Stage Exchange: A Multicenter, Randomized Controlled Trial. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2017 Jan;475(1):56-61. doi: 10.1007/s11999-016-4890-4. PMID: 27387759.
  6. Kelly MP, et al. Extended Oral Antibiotics Increase Bacterial Resistance in Patients Who Fail 2-Stage Exchange for Periprosthetic Joint Infection. J Arthroplasty. 2022 Aug;37(8S):S989-S996. doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2022.01.027. PMID: 35074446.
  7. Payne J, et al. Inducing Antimicrobial Resistance with Long-term Antibiotics at Stage 2 Revision for Periprosthetic Joint Infection. IDWeek 2022. Poster 981.
  8. Frost P, et al. Phototoxic potential of minocycline and doxycycline. Arch Dermatol. 1972 May;105(5):681-3. PMID: 5026677.
  9. Lode H, et al. Comparative pharmacokinetics of cephalexin, cefaclor, cefadroxil, and CGP 9000. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1979 Jul;16(1):1-6. doi: 10.1128/AAC.16.1.1. PMID: 475366.
  10. Sader HS, et al. In vitro activity of cefpodoxime compared with other oral cephalosporins tested against 5556 recent clinical isolates from five medical centers. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 1993 Aug-Sep;17(2):143-50. doi: 10.1016/0732-8893(93)90025-3. PMID: 8243035.
  11. Green S & Tsai YV. Precision Dosing of To-Marrow: Linezolid Therapeutic Drug Monitoring. ContagionLive: Bench to Bedside with SIDP. 2022 Nov 3. https://www.contagionlive.com/view/precision-dosing-of-to-marrow-linezolid-therapeutic-drug-monitoring

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#66 – The Swinging PEN-dulum: Evolving Approaches to Cephalosporin Use in Penicillin Allergic Patients

Dr. Kimberly Blumenthal (@KimberlyBlumen1), Dr. Meghan Jeffres (@PharmerMeg), and Dr. Eric Macy (@EricMacyMD) join Dr. Julie Ann Justo (@julie_justo) to summarize the history of cephalosporin avoidance in penicillin allergies, evidence-based pros and cons of giving cephalosporins in penicillin allergy, how to leverage technology to improve treatment of patients with penicillin allergies, and much more!

Learn more about the Society of Infectious Diseases Pharmacists: https://sidp.org/About Twitter: @SIDPharm (https://twitter.com/SIDPharm) Instagram: @SIDPharm (https://www.instagram.com/sidpharm/) Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/sidprx LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/company/sidp/

References

  1. Macy E. Why Was There Ever a Warning Not to Use Cephalosporins in the Setting of a Penicillin "Allergy"? J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2021 Nov;9(11):3929-3933. doi: 10.1016/j.jaip.2021.06.059. PMID: 34303019.
  2. Liang EH, et al. Adverse Reactions Associated with Penicillins, Carbapenems, Monobactams, and Clindamycin: A Retrospective Population-based Study. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2020 Apr;8(4):1302-1313.e2. doi: 10.1016/j.jaip.2019.11.035. PMID: 31821919.
  3. Macy E, Contreras R. Adverse reactions associated with oral and parenteral use of cephalosporins: A retrospective population-based analysis. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2015 Mar;135(3):745-52.e5. doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2014.07.062. PMID: 25262461.
  4. Macy E, et al. Population-Based Incidence of New Ampicillin, Cephalexin, Cefaclor, and Sulfonamide Antibiotic "Allergies" in Exposed Individuals with and without Preexisting Ampicillin, Cephalexin, or Cefaclor "Allergies". J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2022 Feb;10(2):550-555. doi: 10.1016/j.jaip.2021.10.043. PMID: 34757066.
  5. Picard M, et al. Cross-Reactivity to Cephalosporins and Carbapenems in Penicillin-Allergic Patients: Two Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2019 Nov-Dec;7(8):2722-2738.e5. doi: 10.1016/j.jaip.2019.05.038. PMID: 31170539.
  6. Romano A, et al. Cross-reactivity and tolerability of aztreonam and cephalosporins in subjects with a T cell-mediated hypersensitivity to penicillins. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2016 Jul;138(1):179-186. doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2016.01.025. PMID: 27016799.
  7. Romano A, et al. Cross-Reactivity and Tolerability of Cephalosporins in Patients with IgE-Mediated Hypersensitivity to Penicillins. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2018 Sep-Oct;6(5):1662-1672. doi: 10.1016/j.jaip.2018.01.020. PMID: 29408440.
  8. Blumenthal KG, et al. The Impact of a Reported Penicillin Allergy on Surgical Site Infection Risk. Clin Infect Dis. 2018 Jan 18;66(3):329-336. doi: 10.1093/cid/cix794. PMID: 29361015.
  9. Blumenthal KG, et al. Risk of meticillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Clostridium difficile in patients with a documented penicillin allergy: population based matched cohort study. BMJ. 2018 Jun 27;361:k2400. doi: 10.1136/bmj.k2400. PMID: 29950489.
  10. Blumenthal KG, et al. Recorded Penicillin Allergy and Risk of Mortality: a Population-Based Matched Cohort Study. J Gen Intern Med. 2019 Sep;34(9):1685-1687. doi: 10.1007/s11606-019-04991-y. PMID: 31011962.
  11. Macy E, Contreras R. Health care use and serious infection prevalence associated with penicillin "allergy" in hospitalized patients: A cohort study. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2014 Mar;133(3):790-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2013.09.021. PMID: 24188976.
  12. AAAI. Choosing Wisely. 2014 Mar 3. https://www.choosingwisely.org/clinician-lists/american-academy-allergy-asthma-immunlogy-non-beta-lactam-antibiotics-penicillin-allergy/
  13. Jeffres MN, et al. Systematic review of professional liability when prescribing β-lactams for patients with a known penicillin allergy. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2018 Nov;121(5):530-536. doi: 10.1016/j.anai.2018.03.010. PMID: 29551402.
  14. Macy E, et al. Association Between Removal of a Warning Against Cephalosporin Use in Patients With Penicillin Allergy and Antibiotic Prescribing. JAMA Netw Open. 2021 Apr 1;4(4):e218367. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.8367. PMID: 33914051.
  15. Blumenthal KG, et al. Addressing Inpatient Beta-Lactam Allergies: A Multihospital Implementation. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2017 May-Jun;5(3):616-625.e7. doi: 10.1016/j.jaip.2017.02.019. PMID: 28483315.
  16. Jeffres M. Penicillin and/or Beta-Lactam Allergy Tip Sheet & Cross-reactivity Table. https://drive.google.com/file/d/1cokYXnSDlO3vk8ke1LaalPz4iavuNSV8/view?usp=share_link
  17. Khan DA, et al. Drug allergy: A 2022 practice parameter update. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2022 Sep 17:S0091-6749(22)01186-1. doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2022.08.028. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 36122788.
  18. Guyer AC, et al. Allergy Electronic Health Record Documentation: A 2022 Work Group Report of the AAAAI Adverse Reactions to Drugs, Biologicals, and Latex Committee. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2022 Nov;10(11):2854-2867. doi: 10.1016/j.jaip.2022.08.020. PMID: 36151034.
  19. Iammatteo M, et al. Safety and Outcomes of Oral Graded Challenges to Amoxicillin without Prior Skin Testing. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2019 Jan;7(1):236-243. doi: 10.1016/j.jaip.2018.05.008. PMID: 29802906.
  20. Bavbek S, et al. Determinants of nocebo effect during oral drug provocation tests. Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). 2015 Jul-Aug;43(4):339-45. doi: 10.1016/j.aller.2014.04.008. PMID: 25088674.
  21. DePestel DD, et al. Cephalosporin use in treatment of patients with penicillin allergies. J Am Pharm Assoc (2003). 2008 Jul-Aug;48(4):530-40. doi: 10.1331/JAPhA.2008.07006. PMID: 18653431.

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#65 – Into the Unknown: Exploring Fever of Unknown Origin with Febrile Podcast

In this special collaborative episode, Dr. Sara Dong (@swinndong) of Febrile podcast (@febrilepodcast) and Dr. Ghady Haidar (@cleverwebber) join Dr. Erin McCreary (@ErinMcCreary) to discuss all aspects of FUO, including classification, diagnosis, management, and more! Have the fever of unknown origin review article from the February 2022 edition of NEJM (@NEJM) handy to follow along with the group.

References Haidar G, Singh N. Fever of unknown origin. N Engl J Med 2022;386:463-77.

LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/company/sidp/ Learn more about the Society of Infectious Diseases Pharmacists: https://sidp.org/About Twitter: @SIDPharm (https://twitter.com/SIDPharm) Instagram: @SIDPharm (https://www.instagram.com/sidpharm/) Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/sidprx

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#64 – Putting the Fun in Fungi: A Fun-guide to New Antifungals

In this spore-tacular episode of Breakpoints, Drs. Nathan Wiederhold and Kayla Stover (@stoverkr) join Dr. Erin McCreary (@ErinMcCreary) to discuss updates on the antifungal pipeline, offer pearls regarding their place in therapy, and teach us how to pronounce the drug names.

Learn more about the Society of Infectious Diseases Pharmacists: https://sidp.org/About Twitter: @SIDPharm (https://twitter.com/SIDPharm) Instagram: @SIDPharm (https://www.instagram.com/sidpharm/) Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/sidprx LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/company/sidp/

References

  1. Hoenigl M, Sprute R, Egger M, et al. The antifungal pipeline: fosmanogepix, ibrexafungerp, olorofim, opelconazole, and rezafungin. Drugs. 2021;81(15):1703-29.

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#63 – I Never Metapneumovirus that Required Antibiotics: Prevention & Treatment of Common Respiratory Viruses in Adults

Episode Notes

Drs. Ann Falsey, Crystal Hodge (@Howzzeee) and Michael Ison (@MichaelGIsonMD) join Dr. Jillian Hayes (@thejillianhayes) for a review of non-COVID respiratory viruses. Tune in for a review of current epidemiological changes, the vaccine pipeline, and current treatment options. 

This episode was supported by an educational grant from Janssen Therapeutics, Division of Janssen Products, LP.

Learn more about the Society of Infectious Diseases Pharmacists: https://sidp.org/About Twitter: @SIDPharm (https://twitter.com/SIDPharm) Instagram: @SIDPharm (https://www.instagram.com/sidpharm/) Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/sidprx LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/company/sidp

References

  1. Community-acquired respiratory viruses in transplant patients (PMID 31511250)
  2. Clinical Transplantation 2019 special issue on Transplant Infectious Diseases Guidelines: ](https://urldefense.com/v3/https:/onlinelibrary.wiley.com/toc/13990012/2019/33/9;!!OToaGQ!ujpO69U-82gjgidcyi6YshodQ4umKoYBRbC6wcHf-7QtOVoXotlCzZSwBl7eXjGal8O6D5qQIF8k7_GUOsi3weedNyWNXbw$)[https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/toc/13990012/2019/33/9
  3. ECIL-4 Fourth European Conference on Infections in Leukaemia (ECIL-4): Guidelines for Diagnosis and Treatment of Human Respiratory Syncytial Virus, Parainfluenza Virus, Metapneumovirus, Rhinovirus, and Coronavirus https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/cis844
  4. JID RSV Supplements: https://academic.oup.com/jid/issue/226/Supplement_1, https://academic.oup.com/jid/issue/226/Supplement_2 
  5. CID Precision Vaccinology Supplement: https://academic.oup.com/cid/issue/75/Supplement_1 
  6. Net State of Immunosuppression (PMID 32803228)
  7. Inflammatory and Infectious Syndromes Associated With Cancer Immunotherapies (PMID 30520987)
  8. Biologic response modifiers (PMID 28263774)
  9. Invasive fungal infections and targeted therapies in hematologic malignancies (PMID 34947040)
  10. Impact of COVID-19 on Influenza vaccination strategies (PMID 35607766)
  11. Zanamivir vs oseltamivir (PMID 35299245)
  12. Peramivir vs oseltamivir (PMIDs 33447633, 33006445)
  13. FLAGSTONE (PMID 35085510)
  14. CAPSTONE-2 (PMID 32526195) 
  15. Neuraminidase inhibitor benefits beyond 48 hours (PMID 33434667, 32898685, 24815805, 24268590)
  16. Baloxavir for prophylaxis of household contacts (PMID 32640124)
  17. Oral ribavirin for RSV in HCT (PMID 30202920)
  18. Ribavirin for RSV and human metapneumovirus in HCT (PMID 32162389)
  19. DAS181 for parainfluenza virus (PMID 33569576)

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